| Making your mark. A guide to fabric-marking tools. |
A question I’m asked frequently is what is the best way of marking fabric for dressmaking? Unfortunately, there’s no easy answer to that as there is a variety of fabric-marking tools available, and each has their pro’s and cons. My advice is to have a selection of these tools available to cope with every situation. Here’s a list of the most common:
The traditional triangle of chalk is cheap and easily available. It’s also available in a range of colours including white, yellow, pink, blue and black. However, the edges need to be kept sharp to get a fine and accurate mark. It’s also ‘dusty’ and rubs off easily. It’s ok for areas that you’re going to sew immediately after marking. However, if that section isn’t going to be stitched for a while, and you’re handling your fabric meanwhile, then you may find your marks have faded or even disappeared.
These are slightly waxier than tailors chalk so they stay on the fabric for longer. They are also more accurate as it’s easy to sharpen them for a fine line. Have a selection of colours so they show up on the fabric.
‘Carbon’ paper and tracing wheel
The paper is covered on one side with a waxy substance that is transferred to the fabric by a tracing wheel. It can also be rubbed with a pen or pencil to mark small dots. Available in different colours for light or dark fabrics. The tracing wheel will leave indentations so don’t use this on your best furniture without having a cutting mat underneath.
There are a variety of pens available and again, each have their uses.
Heat-sensitive: These pens disappear when you iron the fabric, but the marks can come back if the item is exposed to cold temperatures. However, they usually disappear permanently if the fabric is washed. Frixion is a well-known brand.
Water-soluble: This is a turquoise-coloured felt-tip type pen that will disappear when dabbed with water. It creates a very fine line so is extremely accurate but can only be used when the fabric will not be stained by water. There’s also water-soluble pencils become available recently made by Clover. They’re available in a pack of 3 colours: white, pink and blue.
Air-erasable: This pen is usually purple in colour and will fade over a period of about 48 hours. So don’t use this if you’re not going to get that part of the garment sewn in that timescale. Be careful as ironing over this pen can fix it although it can be removed by washing.
Whatever you use, you should firstly test that it can be removed from the fabric without leaving a stain.
Where to mark? As a general guide, darts, and dots to mark collar and sleeve positions should be marked on the wrong side of the fabric as they’ll be sewn from the reverse. Markings for buttonholes, pockets, tucks, pleats and folds are sewn from the right side so are best marked on the right side of the fabric.
When to mark? Immediately after you’ve cut out the garment, BEFORE removing the paper pattern. It’s false economy to skip this step timewise, as you’ll only have to lay on the pattern again later and it won’t be so accurate.
And finally, where you have various sizes of dot ‘i.e. pattern says ‘match to small dots’, and there are also large dots elsewhere, try to use a different colour for each set of dots to avoid confusion.
To improve your sewing, why not try a Dressmaking course?